Robert Gabriel Mugabe was a Zimbabwean revolutionary and politician who served as Prime Minister of Zimbabwe from 1980 to 1987 and then as President from 1987 to 2017. He served as Leader of the Zimbabwe African National Union from 1975 to 1980 and led its successor political party, the ZANU – Patriotic Front , from 1980 to 2017. Ideologically an African nationalist, during the 1970s and 1980s he identified as a Marxist–Leninist, and as a socialist after the 1990s.
|2nd President of Zimbabwe|
31 December 1987 – 21 November 2017
|Prime Minister||Morgan Tsvangirai (2009–2013)|
|Preceded by||Canaan Banana|
|Succeeded by||Emmerson Mnangagwa|
|1st Prime Minister of Zimbabwe|
18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
|Preceded by||Abel Muzorewa (Zimbabwe Rhodesia)|
|Succeeded by||Morgan Tsvangirai (2009)|
|Leader and First Secretary of ZANU–PF|
18 March 1975 – 19 November 2017
|Preceded by||Herbert Chitepo|
|Succeeded by||Emmerson Mnangagwa|
|13th Chairperson of the African Union|
30 January 2015 – 30 January 2016
|Preceded by||Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz|
|Succeeded by||Idriss Déby|
|10th Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement|
6 September 1986 – 7 September 1989
|Preceded by||Zail Singh|
|Succeeded by||Janez Drnovšek|
Robert Gabriel Mugabe
21 February 1924
Kutama, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)
|Died||6 September 2019 (aged 95)|
|Resting place||Kutama, Zimbabwe|
|Children||4, including Bona|
Robert Mugabe is a Zimbabwean politician and former revolutionary who is most known for his fights against the British when Zimbabwe was known as Rhodesia. From a young age, he was influenced by Marxist and nationalist ideas, and he went on to become the National Democratic Party's press secretary. He launched the socialist-nationalist movement, ZANU, after establishing a strong political foothold, with the goal of driving the British out of their homeland. Mugabe became Prime Minister and then President of Zimbabwe shortly after the country's independence, a position he held until November 21, 2017. During his presidency, he was able to bring the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) and the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) together, defying all attempts to colonize Zimbabwe. Despite the fact that he controlled Zimbabwe for a long time, opposition to his leadership grew as a result of his policies. Electoral fraud and violence were reported to have dominated his campaigns. Mugabe was forced to quit as president in a coup in November 2017.
The third out of six children, his two older brothers both passed away when he was young. He was married to Sally Hayfron from 1961-1992. He later married Grace Mugabe in 1996. He has four children.
He worked as a lecturer at the Chalimbana Teacher Training College after graduation.
The life expectancy of his people have declined drastically since he took office but the country's literacy rate has gone up.
At the age of 95,
Robert Mugabe height is 1.8 m.
He met future leader Kenneth Kaunda while studying in South Africa during the early 1950's.
● Robert Mugabe was born on February 21, 1924 (age 95) in Kutama, Zimbabwe ● He is a celebrity world leader ● He attended University of Fort Hare (1951), Kutama College● He had 4 children Bona Mugabe, Chatunga Bellarmine Mugabe, Robert Peter Mugabe Jr., Michael Nhamodzenyika Mugabe● His spouse is Grace Mugabe (m. 1996), Sally Mugabe (m. 1961–1992)
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