John Paul Stevens was an American lawyer and jurist who served as an associate justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1975 to 2010. At the time of his retirement, he was the second-oldest justice in the history of the U.S. Supreme Court and the third-longest-serving justice. At the time of his death in 2019 at age 99, he was the longest-lived Supreme Court justice ever. His long tenure saw him write for the Court on most issues of American law, including civil liberties, the death penalty, government action, and intellectual property. In cases involving presidents of the United States, he wrote for the court that they were to be held accountable under American law. A registered Republican when appointed who throughout his life identified as a conservative, Stevens was considered to have been on the liberal side of the Court at the time of his retirement.Born in Chicago, Stevens served in the United States Navy during World War II and graduated from Northwestern University School of Law. After clerking for Justice Wiley Blount Rutledge, he co-founded a law firm in Chicago, focusing on antitrust law. In 1970, President Richard Nixon appointed Stevens to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit. Five years later, President Gerald Ford successfully nominated Stevens to the Supreme Court to fill the vacancy caused by the retirement of Justice William O. Douglas. He became the senior associate justice after the retirement of Harry Blackmun in 1994. After the death of Chief Justice William Rehnquist, Stevens briefly acted in the capacity of chief justice before the appointment of John Roberts. Stevens retired in 2010 during the administration of President Barack Obama and was succeeded by Elena Kagan.
John Paul Stevens
|Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States|
December 19, 1975 – June 29, 2010
|Nominated by||Gerald Ford|
|Preceded by||William O. Douglas|
|Succeeded by||Elena Kagan|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit|
November 2, 1970 – December 19, 1975
|Nominated by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||Elmer Jacob Schnackenberg|
|Succeeded by||Harlington Wood Jr.|
|Born||April 20, 1920|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||July 16, 2019 (aged 99)|
Fort Lauderdale, Florida, U.S.
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
(m. 1942; div. 1979)
Maryan Mulholland Simon
(m. 1979; died 2015)
|Civilian awards||Presidential Medal of Freedom|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1942–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
From 1975 until 2010, he served on the United States Supreme Court as an associate judge. He was one of the court's most senior justices.
His father was a hotelier and lawyer named Ernest James Stevens.
During WWII, he served in the United States Navy.
He was under three different Chief Justices: Warren E. Burger , William Rehnquist , and John G. Roberts.
He was nominated by President Gerald R. Ford to be a Supreme Court Justice.
● John Paul Stevens was born on April 20, 1920 (age 99) in Illinois, United States ● He is a celebrity supreme court justice ● His popular books are Six Amendments: How and... (2014), Five Chiefs: A Supreme... (2011), The Making of a Justice: R... (2019) and Performance Study of Shared V... (1996) ● He attended Northwestern Pritzker School of Law (1945–1947)
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