Donald John Trump is the 45th President of the United States, in office since January 20, 2017. In addition to being a politician, he is a successful business magnate and television personality as well. The son of a wealthy real estate developer, Trump attended the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania before taking charge of his family's business. An astute businessman and charismatic leader, he built and renovated numerous hotels, casinos, and office towers during his business career, accumulating a net worth of billions. He also owned several beauty pageants and ventured into reality television as well. Expanding the horizons of his ambitions, he entered national politics in the early 2000s and set his eyes on the presidential office. As a politician, his career was marred by allegations of sexual misconduct and he also earned much criticism for his extravagant lifestyle and controversial comments on immigrants from Islamic nations. Despite the controversies surrounding him, Trump ran for the 2016 presidential election as a Republican and defeated Democratic candidate Hillary Clinton in a surprise victory. Donald Trump is the first person to assume presidency without prior military or government service and at 70, he is also the oldest one to assume the office.
George Washington was the first President and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He led the Continental Army to victory in the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain and saved the nation from the threat of collapse during its most crucial time. Losing his father at the age of eleven, George Washington was raised under the guardianship of his elder half-brother. At fifteen, he started his career as a successful surveyor, a job that made him tough both physically and mentally, enabling him to lead a grueling march to Ohio County to combat the expanding French troop. Later as the American Revolution began, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the ill-trained and ill-equipped Continental Army. Leading his troops from the front, he won the war when his forces captured the British troops in Yorktown. Thereafter, he decided to return home to lead the life of a gentleman farmer; but was persuaded to become the first President of the United States. For eight years, he governed the newly emerging country with firmness and prudence, helping to bring in stability and setting precedence. His presidency lay down the foundation of the world's major power, making him one of the greatest Presidents in the American history.
Turn the pages of America's political history, and you are sure to find one man who clearly outshines all others and manages to attract the attention and interest of all, till date, - Abraham Lincoln! Nicknamed ˜Honest Abe' or ˜Father Abraham', Lincoln was, by far, one of the most powerful and greatest Presidents' that America has ever witnessed. Rising from a modest and humble beginning, it was his sheer determination and honest effort that led him to the nation's highest office. An astute politician and proficient lawyer, he played a vital role in unification of the states and led from the front for the cause of abolishing slavery from the country, eventually giving people equal rights, irrespective of caste, color or creed. He not only envisioned but actually brought to the forefront a truly democratic government which was led by the concept of ˜by the people, of the people and for the people'. What's more, Lincoln led the country when it faced its greatest constitutional, military and moral crises. He not only turned up victorious but also was effective in strengthening the national government and modernizing the economy. He was a saviour of the Union and an emancipator for the slaves. However, just as astonishing was his rise to the top-notch position and his eventual governance, his death was equally bewildering as he became the first U.S President ever to be assassinated. Though in his life Abraham Lincoln has been felicitated with no awards and honors, as there did not exist any awards then, he has till date retained a spot in the Top Three Presidents since 1940s. As for the presidential ranking polls conducted since 1948, Lincoln has been rated at the very top in the majority of polls.
A quote by Kennedy, ˜Do not pray for easy lives. Pray to be stronger men', perfectly summarizes his philosophy of life. A man with a futuristic vision, John Fitzgerald Kennedy served as the 35th President of the United States. Born in an elite, politically involved Catholic family of Boston, Kennedy was elected as President at the age of 43. Before taking up the office of the President, Kennedy served in the U.S. House of Representatives and the US Senate. He defeated Vice President and Republican candidate Richard Nixon to become the President of the United States. He was the youngest President elected and the first Roman Catholic to hold the prestigious office. Kennedy is known to have played an influential role in revolutionizing American politics. Though the initial days of his presidency brought out a negative image of the Kennedy-ruled White House, due to the Bay of Pigs fiasco and inimical Cold War, it was due to his skilful statesmanship and confident approach that he earned the title of a compelling, charismatic leader.
Barack Obama was the 44th President of the United States. Born to a white American mother and a black Kenyan father, he is the first African-American to hold the office. Prior to becoming the president, he served three terms representing the 13th District in the Illinois Senate and received national attention during his campaign to represent Illinois in the United States Senate. A graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, he was a successful civil rights attorney before he ventured into politics. Elected to the U.S. Senate in 2004, he began his presidential campaign in 2007. After winning sufficient delegates in the Democratic Party primaries to receive the presidential nomination, he went on to defeat Republican nominee John McCain in the general election. He assumed office as the President of the United States in January 2009, a time when the country was reeling under the global economic recession. Expectations were high from the new president and the responsibilities on his shoulders, tremendous. Within the first few months he implemented several reforms in order to stabilize the economy and to boost its growth. He also completely overhauled America's foreign policy. Obama was re-elected to a second term as president in November 2012.
George Walker Bush was the 43rd President of the United States, who served in the office for two consecutive terms, i.e., from 2001 to 2009. He is the son of George Herbert Walker Bush, the 41st President of the United States. The political association of HIS family doesn't end here; his grandfather, Prescott Bush, was the U. S. Senator from Connecticut. After completing of his schooling in Massachusetts, George W. Bush graduated with a B. A. degree in history from Yale University and then went on to Harvard Business School to do his M.B.A. In 1968, he was commissioned into the Texas Air National Guard and he was honorably discharged after six years of service. He married Laura Lane Welch and the couple shifted to Midland, where George W. Bush founded a series of small, independent oil exploration companies. He helped his father, George H. W. Bush in both of his Presidential campaigns before becoming the Governor of Texas himself. He was the Republican candidate for 2000 Presidential elections and won the election by defeating Democrat nominee <a title='Al Gore' href='/famous/al-gore.htm'>Al Gore</a>. Four years later, he was re-elected when he defeated the Democrat <a title='John Kerry' href='/famous/john-kerry.htm'>John Kerry</a>.
˜If you live long enough, you'll make mistakes. But if you learn from them, you'll be a better person. It's how you handle adversity, not how it affects you. The main thing is never quit, never quit, never quit.' This quote by Bill Clinton aptly describes his life and his motive for living. The 42nd President of the United States of America, Clinton is one of the most remarkable politicians who ventured to take the country through the depressive economic condition towards a progressive and prosperous future. A strong supporter of futuristic vision, he brought about progressive policies in the educational and health care sectors and aimed at providing the citizens with better living conditions. Before taking up the office of the President, Clinton served as the Governor of Arkansas for two terms and the Attorney General of Arkansas from 1977 to 1979. From a tender age, Clinton was blessed with leadership qualities and served as the student union leader in his school and college days. However, very few know that he was blessed with music abilities as well. In fact, Clinton during his high school days was the best saxophonist in the city and even considered taking up music as a career. However, his profound interest in public service had a somewhat overpowering effect as he made his way to the most important office of the country.
Turn the pages of history in the American politics and you are sure to find a name that changed the political and economic condition of the country for a glorious future. Ronald Reagan served as the 33rd Governor of California, an office which he served for two consecutive terms before being appointed as the 40th President of the United States of America in 1980, a position he held until January 1989. However, a peep into the life of this iconic personality leaves one perplexed watching the stark opposition between his early and later life. It is interesting to note that before taking a plunge into politics and pursuing a substantial career in the same, Reagan was in the field of entertainment and served as the radio sports announcer and later on as an actor. He even took to playing the host for several television series and held the chair of the President for Screen Actors Guild.
Thomas Jefferson was a major political leader and the third president of the United States serving from 1801 to 1809. He was also a co-founder and leader of the Democratic Republic Party, the wartime Governor of Virginia (1779-1781) and author the book Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom. Before elected to the presidency, he was appointed the first United States Secretary of State during 1789-1793 and was the second Vice-president of America where he served from 1797 to 1801. In 1776, he was the main author of the Declaration of Independence and gained appreciation for his role in promoting republicanism in the United States. While in power, Jefferson fiercely supported the idea of democracy and favored states rights and a limited Federal government in America, which he considered as virtues of republicanism. A man of many talents, Thomas Jefferson explored many interests and gained high opinion for his quality as a horticulturist, statesman, architect, archaeologist, inventor, and founder of the University of Virginia.
John Adams was one of the Founding Fathers of the United States of America and the second president of the country. Before becoming the president he had served as the first vice president of the United States under President George Washington. He was a well educated and thoughtful man known for his political philosophies. A leading advocate of American independence from Great Britain, he played a key role in persuading Congress to declare independence and helped Thomas Jefferson in drafting the Declaration of Independence in 1776. He was an Enlightenment political theorist and an abolitionist who vehemently opposed slavery. Born as the son of a farmer and cobbler, Adams rose from his humble beginnings to receive his education from a prestigious college and become a qualified lawyer. From early on he believed in the ideal of freedom for all and became involved in the patriot cause and led the American movement for independence from Great Britain. He also became active in politics and was elected the first vice president in 1789 under President Washington before succeeding him as the President of the US in 1797. His achievements as the president though largely unrecognized in his era gained greater recognition in modern times
Jimmy Carter was the 39th President of America and aspired to establish a government which was both, competent and compassionate. He won the Nobel Prize for Peace in 2002. This farmer-turned-politician was determined to make a difference to the country which was suffering from energy costs, mounting inflation, and continuing tensions. Though he found it immensely difficult to keep up with the rising expectations, he tried his best to restore the faith of his citizens in the government. Furthermore, he also tried to make United States a symbol of peace and promoted human rights as a centrepiece of foreign policy. Following his term as the president, he remained publicly active and was involved in several humanitarian efforts. His post presidency period was extremely productive - he worked for a charitable organization, ˜Habitat for Humanity' and also participated in diplomatic talks to forge an agreement with North Korea. He was further involved in resolving international disputes. For his humanitarian efforts and for being a travelling ambassador of peace, he was awarded the prestigious Nobel Peace Prize, which is a testimony to his reputation as one of the most active ex-presidents in the history of the US.
George Herbert Walker was the former President of the United States, who was in the office from 1989 to 1993. He was born in Massachusetts into a political and affluent family. His father, Prescott Sheldon Bush, was a Senator from Connecticut and his mother, Dorothy Bush, hailed from a prominent family. George H.W. Bush joined the US Navy during the Second World War and after coming back he graduated from Yale University with a B.A. degree in economics. He rejected the offer of joining his father's firm and instead shifted to Texas and worked as an oil field supplies salesman. Within a decade he became a millionaire and then entered politics. George H.W. Bush occupied a number of important positions during his political career. He was elected to the House of Representatives from the 7th District of Texas, was appointed as Ambassador to the United Nations, became the Director of Central Intelligence and served as the Vice President of United States during the presidency of Ronald Reagan. In 1988, he was elected as the Republican Party's candidate for the office of U.S President. He defeated Democratic nominee Michael Dukakis and became the 41st President of the United States. Although he became quite popular as a President for his stand against international terrorism and for portraying a strong picture of the nation to the world, he lost the next election in 1993.
Theodore Roosevelt was one of the most eminent politicians of United States who went on to serve as the 26th President of the country. It would be surprising to know that during his early days, Roosevelt primarily remained sick with asthma attack and chronic illness and was advised to take up desk job to live a healthy and long life. Interestingly, he lived up till 61 years of age and all through remained hyperactive with his political pursuits. Had it not been for his willingness to go beyond the boundaries America would not have had its first ever truly modern President. Roosevelt, during his term in office, changed what it meant to be a President by expanding the power of the presidency, through his proclamations, acts and policies. It was his foresightedness that allowed America to enter the new century with newer vision and greater power. During his rule, the country transformed much, dealing with several issues related to civil rights, racial discrimination and women suffrage. Adorned with two of the highest decorations, Nobel Peace Prize and Congressional Medal of Honor., Roosevelt was one of the most significant leaders of America who changed the face of the nation throughout the world. With this article, learn some more interesting facts about this charismatic and exuberant personality.
The 32nd President of the United States, he greatly impacted world events during the Great Depression and served an unprecedented four terms.
James Madison was the fourth President of the United States, hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for the pivotal role he played in the drafting of the U.S. Constitution. He was also instrumental in the creation of the Bill of Rights. Born as the son of a wealthy tobacco planter, Madison had a comfortable upbringing and received education in varied subjects such as Latin, Greek, science, geography, mathematics, and philosophy. He also studied law though he had no intentions of working as a lawyer. He developed an early interest in politics and entered the field as a young adult. Madison represented Virginia at the Constitution Convention and actively participated in the debates, calling for a strong central government. He wrote the Virginia Plan in which he expressed his ideas about forming a federal government, and many of his suggestions were incorporated into the constitution. He also led the movement to ratify the constitution. He had found a mentor in Thomas Jefferson who he met during the American Revolutionary War. When Jefferson became the president, Madison served as the Secretary of State under him. Madison himself succeeded Jefferson as the president and served two terms from 1809 to 1817
Richard Nixon was a leader of the Republican Party and became the thirty-seventh President of the United States in 1968 and was subsequently reelected for his second term in 1972. The most significant achievement credited to him during the first term of presidency is a ceasefire with Vietnam and ending of the long time war between the two countries. The former president followed a foreign policy marked by dÃ©Â´Â¥nte with the Soviet Union and rapprochement with the People's Republic of China. Richard Nixon is the longest serving individual to have held the nation?s two highest executive posts of President and Vice- President in American history. He became the only president to ever resign from the office in 1974, when he left the position in the face of inevitable impeachment in the widely condemned Watergate scandal.
Andrew Jackson was the seventh president of United States and the first one to be elected from the Democratic Party. He was a lawyer, planter, and an army man but is most remembered as one of the greatest presidents of the United States. After being tortured in the captivity of British Army and orphaned as a teenager, he developed a fierce hatred towards the British, which was the driving force for the rest of his life. He gained national fame through his role in the War of 1812, where he won decisive victories over the Indians and the main British invasion army at the Battle of New Orleans. After losing in the first attempt, he was elected as President of United States in his second attempt. He was the first President to truly embrace the powers of the presidency. He strongly believed in preserving the union and power of democracy. Although, his personal life was highly criticized and remained a cause of discomfort throughout his life, he never surrendered to his opponents and kept fighting until the end of his life. He is regarded as one of the most influential U.S. presidents in history, as well as one of the most aggressive and controversial. He is often referred as the first ˜people's president' for expanding the role of the President from mere executive to active representative of the people.
Ulysses S. Grant was a U.S. general and commander of the Union armies who went on to serve as the 18th President of the United States (1869“77). He played a very active role as an army officer during the later years of the American Civil War and worked in close collaboration with President Abraham Lincoln to defeat the Confederates following a very difficult battle. Born as the son of a businessman, he was expected to follow his father into his tannery business. But since he displayed no interest in the business, his father made him enter the United States Military Academy at West Point. However, he did not perform well there and earned only average grades though he was good in mathematics and geology. He proved himself to be exceptionally skilled at handling horses and gained a reputation as a proficient horseman. Following his graduation, he fought in the Mexican-American War and retired from army life. Post his retirement he tried his hands at a number of businesses but failed to find success. When the American Civil War erupted, he returned to his army career and impressed President Lincoln with his abilities. Eventually Grant entered politics and served as the president for two consecutive terms.
Before becoming the sixth President of the United States, John Quincy Adams essayed many other roles in the field of public service, right from being a sharp attorney, diplomat, senator to an able Congressional representative. These political endeavors earned him the nickname Old Man Eloquent. He holds the distinction of being the first President of U.S. whose father had also graced this prestigious post. Being the son of John Adams, the second President of the United States John Quincy Adams, had patriotism in his blood. Though, a man of extraordinary intellect, Adams personality was that of recluse and he did not socialize much. It is believed that these personality traits cost him the presidential reelection bid and thus, his presidency was confined to a single term. Today, he is remembered as one of the most gifted American diplomats and Secretaries of State that the nation ever had. As a president he is remembered as an extraordinary moral leader, who ushered in the era of economic modernization in America and helped shape its foreign policy that safeguarded the country's nationalist republican values. Read his biography, to know more about him.
Lyndon Baines Johnson was the 36th President of the United States who served from 1963 to 1969. He had been elected the Vice President as <a title='John F. Kennedy' href='/famous/john-f-kennedy.htm'>John F. Kennedy</a>'s running mate in the 1960 presidential campaign and was made the President in November 1963 following the assassination of President Kennedy. Coming to the helm of political affairs in the chaos following a beloved president's death, Johnson took forward the legacy of his predecessor by obtaining enactment of the new civil rights bill and a tax cut that the late President Kennedy had been advocating at the time of his death. The dignified way in which he managed the affairs after suddenly being pushed into presidency following Kennedy's assassination earned him the respect of the masses and he easily won the presidential election in 1964 and was inaugurated the president in his own right for a full term in 1965. As the president he implemented several social service programs and called for the creation of the Great Society which was one of his major agendas. He also declared a War on Poverty which helped millions of poor Americans in achieving better quality of life during his administration. Lyndon Johnson is ranked favorably by historians became of his stance on civil rights, gun control, and social security
Dwight D. Eisenhower was the 34th president of the United States, who reduced Cold War tensions and is known for his 'Atoms for Peace initiative'. Before becoming the president, he was a five-star general in the United States Army and played a pivotal role in the World War II. Eisenhower served as Supreme Commander of the Allied Forces in Europe, and successfully planned the invasion of North Africa in Operation Torch in 1942“43 and the invasion of France and Germany in 1944“45. Belonging to Pennsylvania Dutch ancestry, Eisenhower was born in a religious family in Kansas. After finishing his high school, he joined the United States Military Academy in West Point, New York. After graduating from the Army, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant. Gradually rising through the ranks he rose to the highest position in the army. After retiring from the army, Eisenhower contested the 1952 presidential elections to crusade against "Communism, Korea and corruption". He was president for two terms and through his initiatives and policies he made the world a much safer place to live. He played a vital role in ending the Korean War and de-escalated the tensions between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R.
Harry S. Truman was the 33rd President of the United States. He assumed presidency after the sudden demise of President <a title='Franklin D. Roosevelt' href='/famous/franklin-d-roosevelt.htm'>Franklin D. Roosevelt</a> and was in the office from 1945 to 1953. He oversaw the end of World War II and is infamous as the man who approved the use of atomic weapons against Japan. Born in an ordinary family in Missouri, he did not attend college. After graduating from high school, he worked a number of jobs before volunteering for military duty during World War I. Through his valor and bravery he won respect and admiration and was promoted to captain. Post World War I, Truman forayed into business but was not very successful in his venture. He was first elected to the United States Senate in 1934 and was later reelected in 1940. President Roosevelt chose Truman as his running mate for the 1944 presidential election and they won the elections. Truman was vice president for just 82 days when the untimely demise of President Roosevelt thrust him to the chair of presidency. Truman's reelection in the 1948 presidential elections is considered to be the greatest election upset in American history; he defied all the predictions and public opinion polls to emerge as victor. Truman's presidency was marked by the beginning of the Cold War. After completion of his second term, he returned to Independence, Missouri and spent the rest of his life there.
Gerald Rudolph Ford Jr. was the 38th President of the United States who served from 1974 to 1977. Prior to becoming the president he was the Vice President serving under President <a title='Richard Nixon' href='/famous/richard-nixon.htm'>Richard Nixon</a>. He became the president following Nixon's resignation in 1974 following investigations into Nixon's involvement in the Watergate scandal. Ford inherited a government mired in controversies and came to the helm as the President at period of great political turmoil. The United States was going through a period of skyrocketing inflation and recession in the 1970s and the American economy was at a low. One of the immediate actions he took upon assuming office was to create the Economic Policy Board by Executive Order in order to control the inflation and set the pace for economic growth. He also took steps to control the rising rate of unemployment which had reached nine percent by 1975. He was not too keen to run for the office in 1976 though he reluctantly agreed. He was defeated by former governor of Georgia, Jimmy Carter, in the presidential election and stepped down from office in 1977 after having served an 895-day presidency. He remained active in politics for long after stepping down from presidency. Ford lived longer than any other U.S. president, dying at the age of 93 years and 165 days
James Monroe was an American politician, revolutionary, and the fifth President of the United States of America. He was also one of the founding fathers of his country. Serving from 1817 to 1825, he was the last president of the Virginia dynasty and played an instrumental role in ushering what is regarded as the ˜Era of Good Feelings'. A native of the Colony of Virginia, Monroe grew up in a planter family, When the American Revolution War broke out in 1775, he dropped out of college to serve in the Continental Army. After the war ended, Monroe studied law under Thomas Jefferson for three years and then was instated as a delegate in the Continental Congress. A staunch anti-federalist, Monroe actively resisted the ratification of the United States Constitution. In 1790, he became a senator in the first United States Congress and subsequently joined the Democratic-Republicans. He served as the Governor of Virginia and later as the ambassador to France, garnering valuable experience as a statesman, administrator, and a diplomat. During the War of 1812, Monroe worked in the Madison administration as the Secretary of State and the Secretary of War. He was elected the President a year after the war ended in 1816, without any opposition from a fractured Federalist Party. He was a well-loved president during his tenure and has been assessed as an above average president by most historians. His presidency saw the conclusion of the first period of American presidential history before the Jacksonian democracy and the Second Party System era started. As with most of the founding fathers, Monroe kept slaves in his plantation. In later life, he encountered financial problems and had to sell a significant portion of his properties to pay off his debt. He passed away in 1831 in New York at 73 years of age.