Known as the Shakespeare of Music, Ludwig Van Beethoven was one of the greatest composers the world has ever had. He was one among the pioneers of instrumental music in European culture, and played a crucial role in the development of tonal music. Though acquired deafness restricted him from actively involving in social life, it never trammelled his creativity. During the premiere of his final masterpiece, ˜Ninth Symphony', Beethoven had to turn around to view the clapping of the audience as he had become totally deaf by then. However, despite his loss of hearing, he grew as a colossus of music, whose fame continues to be unbeaten even now. Influenced greatly by Mozart and Haydn, he enriched his style with the emotional power of romanticism. The intricacy and vastness of his works went much beyond the age, baffled his contemporaries and continues to mystify the professionals and later audiences. His operas, symphonies and sonatas are still sung and performed all over the world.
William Clark was an American explorer who along with <a title='Meriwether Lewis' href='/famous/meriwether-lewis.htm'>Meriwether Lewis</a> led an epic expedition to the Pacific Northwest. Named after these great explorers, the Lewis and Clark Expedition was undertaken following the Louisiana Purchase and aimed at claimed the Pacific Northwest for the United States before any of the European powers did. Before being selected for the expedition Clark served in a militia. Born into a large family of tobacco planters in Virginia, he enjoyed an adventurous childhood filled with fox hunts, cockfights, and shooting tournaments. His five older brothers fought in the American Revolutionary War but William was too young at that time. On growing up he joined a volunteer militia force under Major John Hardin to fight in the American Indian conflicts of the Ohio frontier. He then entered the U.S. Army and commanded a company of riflemen at the Battle of Fallen Timbers, playing an important role in the decisive U.S. victory that brought the Northwest Indian War to an end. He eventually retired from the army due to poor health. After a few years he was invited by his friend <a title='Meriwether Lewis' href='/famous/meriwether-lewis.htm'>Meriwether Lewis</a> to join him on an expedition to the Pacific Northwest. The expedition which took several long months to complete was a resounding success which catapulted both Clark and Lewis to the status of legendary explorers.
William Wordsworth was a famous English poet who played a central role in the English Romantic Movement. He is best known for ushering in the Romantic Age in English Literature with the joint publication of ˜Lyrical Ballads' with Samuel Taylor Coleridge in 1798. He was born in Lake District, a region in North West England, known for its beautiful lakes, mountains and forests. He had a deep sense of love and appreciation for nature which was cultivated early in his life. His love for nature profoundly influenced both his personality and work. William Wordsworth was taught poetry by his father John Wordsworth, who also let his son read extensively from his own father's library. He began his writing career by publishing a sonnet in ˜The European Magazine'. He later published his poetry collections ˜An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches'. Wordsworth's meeting and his subsequent friendship with Samuel Taylor Coleridge is believed to be one of the most important happenings in the poet's life. Wordsworth and Coleridge together produced ˜Lyrical Ballads', the first volume of which did not give either's name as the author. Second and third editions were soon published which included a preface to the poems. This preface to ˜Lyrical Ballads' is considered to be one of the most important works of the English Romantic Movement. His other famous works include ˜Poems, in Two Volumes', ˜Guide to the Lakes', ˜The Excursion' and ˜The Prelude'. Even though a prolific poet, Wordsworth wrote only one play, ˜The Borderers', a tragedy. Wordsworth, inspired by his friend Coleridge, had grand ambitions to write an epic philosophical poem titled ˜The Recluse' which he could not complete within his lifetime.
Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel was a famous German philosopher who lived in the 18th century. He completed his theological studies from a Protestant seminary but was not inclined to become a clergy. He was deeply influenced by the French Revolution and Hellenic civilization during his younger days. He was interested in the study of Metaphysics, ˜Naturphilosophie', Philosophy of History, Political Philosophy, Logic and Aesthetics. He carried out deep study of the works of Aristotle, Plato, Socrates, Kant and Fichte to seek knowledge. He went on to take private tuitions and subsequently lectured at the universities of Jena, Heidelberg and Berlin. He wrote several books and articles, which are considered as major philosophical works of his time. He is the founder of Hegelianism Historicism, ˜Naturphilosophie' and belonged to the school of German Idealism coupled with Absolute and Objective Idealism. His thoughts included Absolute Idealism, Hegelian Dialectic and ˜Sublation'. At the time of his death, he was one of Germany's most prominent philosophers. His views are highly regarded even today and are interpreted differently by right wing conservatives and left wing followers, who are more inclined towards an atheistic position.
Estonian physicist who discovered the thermoelectric effect in 1821. He was also the first to produce and describe the amalgam of potassium.
Lyric poet and novelist associated with the Romanticism and German Idealism movements. He is perhaps best known for a 1799 novel entitled Hyperion.