Anne Frank was one of the thousands of Jewish children who were killed in the Holocaust. She became a well-known name and one of the most discussed victims of the holocaust after her diary ˜The Diary of a Young Girl' was published by her father a couple of years after her death. The diary is today one of the world's best known books and has been translated into several languages. It has also been adapted into many plays and films all over the world. Born in Frankfurt, Germany, during a highly tumultuous period in the nation's history, she moved from Germany to Amsterdam with her family in the early 1930s after the rise of Nazis in her homeland. At the height of the World War II the Germans occupied Netherlands and the Jews were no longer safe in Amsterdam as well. As the persecution of the Jewish population continued to increase, the Frank family was forced to move into hiding. A young teenager who hoped to become a writer on growing up, Anne dutifully wrote in her dairy, documenting her daily life in hiding. She remained hopeful that one day her life would return to normalcy but her hopes were unfounded; she, her mother and sister were killed along with thousands of other Jews in the concentration camps. Only her father survived the war.
The 32nd President of the United States, he greatly impacted world events during the Great Depression and served an unprecedented four terms.
Popularly known as the ˜candy man', Milton Hershey was an American manufacturer and entrepreneur who started the chocolate candy revolution in the US. Born in a poor family, Milton was haunted by unfulfilled wishes throughout his life which prompted many of his philanthropic acts in later years, especially establishing a school for needy children. Milton could not complete his education and started apprenticeship at the age of 15. He failed twice in setting up a business till the time he started the Lancaster Caramel Company, where he wanted to create a perfect formula of caramel candies. Milton had his first encounter with chocolate making in World's Columbian Exposition; with his caramel business doing well, he wanted to try his hand at chocolates and started the Hershey Chocolate Company. His aim was to find a way to mass-produce chocolate candies, which was henceforth considered the domain of the Swiss. His business thrived and there were many successful products like Hershey Kiss. Later he concentrated on the packaging of his chocolates. With his growth in business, Milton decided to build something for his community. He built schools, parks and churches in the town where the factory was located. In the later years, he helped the country during the time of Great Depression and helped the military during World War II, by supplying chocolate bars manufactured in his factory
Fascist leader Benito Mussolini ruled Italy as its dictatorial prime minister, under the title ˜Il Duce' for 21 years. Being a difficult child since early, he grew up to be disobedient and short-tempered. Even though he made a name and career in socialism, working for the Italian Socialist Party and writing for socialist newspapers, he was later expelled from the party due to his support for World War I, following which he formed the Fascist Party to re-build Italy as a strong European power. After the 'March on Rome' in October 1922, he became the Prime Minister and gradually destroyed all political opposition. Thereafter, he consolidated his position through a series of laws and turned Italy into a one-party dictatorship. Mussolini remained in power until he was deposed in 1943. He later became the leader of the Italian Social Republic, which was a German supported regime in northern Italy. He held this post until his death in 1945
Eva Braun is popularly known in the pages of history as <a title='Adolf Hitler' href='/famous/adolf-hitler.htm'>Adolf Hitler</a>'s mistress and later wife. Born in a middle-class family, she took to studying at the Catholic Institute. It was after completing her education that young Braun worked as a sales woman and later as a photographer for Heinrich Hoffman, who was the official photographer of Hitler, the popular Nazi leader. It was while working for Hoffman that Braun was first introduced to Hitler. Though the two shared a romantic relationship that lasted for more than twelve years, the relationship was not known to the public as Hitler never allowed her to be seen with him in public. Furthermore, despite being his love interest, Braun had no political influence on him whatsoever. Regardless of sharing a desolated life, as Hitler was engrossed in his political ambitions, her loyalty for him never flagged, instead, she promised to be by his side even at the time of death.
Holocaust victim and the mother of Anne Frank. She died at the age of forty-four at the infamous Auschwitz concentration camp.
Remembered for his association with famous diarist and Holocaust victim <a title='Anne Frank' href='/famous/anne-frank.htm'>Anne Frank</a>, he went into hiding with the Frank family during the World War II years and died in the Mauthausen-Gusen Nazi concentration camp after being discovered.
Four-star United States Army general and iconic commander who led a succession of victorious attacks in Italy, France, and Germany during World War II.
Paul Joseph Goebbels was a German politician and Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda during Hitler's rule over Germany. He played a crucial role in promoting Nazi Party's philosophy and ideology of Hitler. Raised in a family with strict Catholic background, he could not serve in the military during the World War I on account of his physical deformity. As the district leader of the Nazi Party, he founded a weekly newspaper titled The Attack. Being the maker of Fuhrer myth, he employed this paper to convey Nazi Party's message to German people. As part of his extensive media campaign for World War II, he utilized radio, films, parades and processions to propagate his message on Nazi Party. As the director of the Reich Chamber of Culture, he had total control over the cultural life of Germany. Due to the activities of this organization, a number of Jewish creative artists lost their occupation. The Nazi Party used to consider modern art as immoral and took measures to seize this art form. Being a skilled propagandist, his effective application of Reich Press Law caused removal of a number of Jewish as well as non-Nazi editors of newspapers and magazines in Germany. After realising Germany's defeat in the War, he committed suicide.
Canadian author and "Blunden Harbour" painter who was inspired by the history and culture of indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast. She was influenced by the post-impressionists and fauvists she encountered while living in France.
Famous for surviving the 1912 Titanic disaster by jumping into the freezing water and subsequently being rescued by Lifeboat 12, Thayer later published his personal account of the tragic event that had resulted in the deaths of his father and numerous other passengers.
Catholic theologian who guided the country through huge societal changes at the turn of the 20th century.