George Washington was the first President and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. He led the Continental Army to victory in the American Revolutionary War against the Kingdom of Great Britain and saved the nation from the threat of collapse during its most crucial time. Losing his father at the age of eleven, George Washington was raised under the guardianship of his elder half-brother. At fifteen, he started his career as a successful surveyor, a job that made him tough both physically and mentally, enabling him to lead a grueling march to Ohio County to combat the expanding French troop. Later as the American Revolution began, he was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the ill-trained and ill-equipped Continental Army. Leading his troops from the front, he won the war when his forces captured the British troops in Yorktown. Thereafter, he decided to return home to lead the life of a gentleman farmer; but was persuaded to become the first President of the United States. For eight years, he governed the newly emerging country with firmness and prudence, helping to bring in stability and setting precedence. His presidency lay down the foundation of the world's major power, making him one of the greatest Presidents in the American history.
Prolific and influential Classical-era composer. He was dubbed Father of the Symphony and Father of the String Quartet. He spent most of his career serving as the court musician for the aristocratic Esterházy family.
Lawyer and politician who served as the President of Delaware from 1781 to 1783 and the President of Pennsylvania from 1782 to 1785. He represented Delaware at the Continental Congress.
A president of the Continental Congress, a signer of the Articles of Confederation, and the author of the Second Continental Congress' famous Lee Resolution, this colonial statesman was one of the major voices in the American colonies' fight for independence from Great Britain.
Joseph Haydn was an 18th century Austrian composer of the Classical period who played a major role in the development of chamber music. One of the most prominent composers of his time, he is fondly referred to as "Father of the Symphony" and "Father of the String Quartet" in recognition of his immense contribution to musical form. Born as the son of a folk musician, he developed an early interest in music. His musically inclined parents recognized their young son's talents and arranged for him to acquire musical training. He blossomed into a good singer and performed in a choir while he was a boy. He grew up to be a very talented singer and instrumentalist, but faced many struggles in his attempts to get established in a profession. Initially he worked in a string of jobs without much success before finally finding work as a valet“accompanist for the Italian composer Nicola Porpora from whom he learned the fundamentals of composition. Joseph Haydn did not receive a systematic training in musical theory; he self-educated himself by studying the works of prominent composers like Carl Philipp Emanuel Bach, whom he later acknowledged as an important influence. Eventually he established himself as a famous composer in his own right and was appointed as a court musician of the wealthy EsterhÃ¡zy family.
English-born politician who served as Governor-General of Bengal (India) during the 1770s and early 1780s.
Astronomer who focused on the planet Venus and taught astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania. He was also the first American to sight Uranus, which he did in 1784.